Ellas: Semanario de las Mujeres Españolas. Año IV, Nos. 151-153, 158. Madrid: n.p., 1935. Tabloid, each 20 pp.; with b/w photographic reproductions and illustrations; self-wrappers, newsprint toned with central horizontal creases, edge-worn with closed tears, no. 151 with additional foxing, discoloration, and split fold, no. 153 with chipping and some small losses not affecting text.
Four issues of the Republican-era Nationalist newspaper, which was intended to mobilize women in the collective fight against Republicans, communists, and other enemies of the right. Monarchist writer and propagandist José María Pemán founded the serial in 1931, following the constitutional recognition of a woman’s right to vote. Ellas espoused traditional Catholic values, railed against suffrage, reported on fashion and the arts, and came out in favor of the fascist policies of Italy and Germany.
Although some of the articles were written by men, many regular columns and features were penned by women, including high-profile intellectuals such as the industrial engineer Pilar Careaga (the first woman in Spain to receive this degree); María López Sagredo, the leader of the Defensa Femenina; Teresa Luzatti, leader of Juventud Católica Femenina; and Pilar Velasco Aranaz, the editor of the right-wing paper Acción Nacional.
These issues are from the last year of its publication, shortly before the Civil War. OCLC locates no issues in institutional collections outside of Spain.