[Argentina] [Graphic Art] [Alicia Moreau de Justo]
Conferencia Popular por la Paz de América. Buenos Aires: n.p., 1936. Small 4to, single sheet folded to make  pp. pamphlet; cover graphic (woodcut?) initialed in plate, single hole punched near fold, minor wear at edges and rear corner, else good.
The pamphlet is a manifesto of disarmament, civil rights, and education, announcing an international “people’s” peace conference in Buenos Aires November 22-25, 1936. The conference was conceived by the feminist physician and pacifist Alicia Moreau de Justo and included delegates from throughout the Americas, including American suffragist Josephine Schain. The meeting was held in advance of President Roosevelt’s Inter-American Conference on the Maintenance of Peace (which established a noninterventionist policy for the Americas in reaction to the Spanish Civil War and concerns about aggressions by Japan in China and Italy in Ethiopia) with the idea of influencing the direction of that policy before Roosevelt’s speech to the assembled representatives in Buenos Aires in December.
The conference commission’s signatories include Maria L. Berrondo (another important Argentinian feminist and editor of the magazine Vida Femenina).
See the Josephine Schain papers (Sophia Smith Collection, MS 139) and Vida Femenina, Año 4, No. 41 (December 15, 1936), for more information about participants, resolutions, and the pan-American movement that proceeded WWII.